The relationship between Psychoanalysis as clinical practice and
Psychotherapy is neither linear nor straight-forward.
In point of fact, Psychoanalysis both as theory and practice
started with the so-called transference neuroses which had a
huge importance in the works of Sigmund Freud. In a way, this
was unavoidable since the creator of Psychoanalysis had as
"office mates" a substantial number of neurotics, some of whom
helped to create the newly founded science: Dora, Little Hans,
the Rat Man, the Wolf Man, among others.
"fellow companion", Schreber, was not a visitor to Berggasse
19, Vienna, but made it possible to understand and treat those
individuals who due to their characteristics cannot lie on the
couch but need psycho-analytical help.
This communication is an elaboration a posteriori (Nachträglichkeit,
afterwardsness) of the long path of Psychoanalysis.
Psychoanalysis, Psycho-analytical Psychotherapy, Freud.
Amaral Dias is currently Director of Instituto Superior Miguel
Torga, Vice-President of the Portuguese Association of
Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, Invited
Professor of the Doctoral Programme of Mental Health in
University of Porto, besides his position in
University of Coimbra, Portugal, where he completed his PhD in
Clinical Psychology in 1981. He is also a private practitioner
of psychiatry and psychoanalysis.
In the past, Professor Carlos
Amaral Dias was a member of the Editorial Committee of the
International Journal of Psychoanalysis and of the International
Review of Psychoanalysis, and Chairman, Teaching Committee,
Trainer and Superviser analyst in Portuguese Society of
With many books published since
1979, Professor Carlos Amaral Dias is a marking presence in the
Portuguese cultural context, and has been collaborating
regularly with several prestigious journals and newspapers and
also radio and television.